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Sources and Fluxes of Mercury in the St. Lawrence River

Quémerais, B. et Cossa, D. et Rondeau, B. et Pham, T. T. et Gagnon, P. et Fortin, B. (1999). Sources and Fluxes of Mercury in the St. Lawrence River. Environmental Science and Technology , 33 (6). p. 840-849. DOI: 10.1021/es980400a.

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A mass balance approach, based essentially on the reconstruction of daily fluxes and circumscribed by strict error calculations, was designed to quantify the main mercury sources for the St. Lawrence and its tributaries, which constitute a large river system. High-frequency samplings were performed over an 18-month period (1995−1996) at the main water inputs and the mouth of the river. Minor tributaries and the Montreal effluent were also sampled. This strategy allowed models to be obtained that relate mercury concentrations in solution and in particles to the hydrological regime. The calculated budget was balanced relative to the calculated errors of the estimates. Gross mercury export from the river was found to be 5.9 kmol yr-1 (73% as particulate). Tributaries and internal erosion of the river contributed equally for a total of 75% of this gross load, whereas the Upper St. Lawrence River, which is almost exclusively composed of Lake Ontario waters, accounted for less than 10%, and inventoried anthropogenic point sources accounted for about 5%. Dissolved mercury was mainly from north shore tributaries, and particulate mercury was largely from erosion of the river bed and banks. On the basis of the present results as well as estimates of atmospheric deposition from the literature it can be inferred that at least 88% of deposited mercury was retained in the watersheds.

Type de document: Article scientifique
Statut du texte intégral: Autre
Mots-clés libres: Mercure, Saint-Laurent, Tributaries, Érosion, Bassin hydrographique
Sujets: 1. Laboratoire de développement durable > 1.7. Environnement, écologie, écosystème
2. Milieu physique > 2.4. Hydrologie
8. Impacts et monitoring > 8.1. Qualité de l’eau
8. Impacts et monitoring > 8.7. Modélisations et indicateurs
9. Nouvelles pressions > 9.1. Changement climatique
Date de dépôt: 08 avr. 2017 13:23
Dernière modification: 08 avr. 2017 17:11

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