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What controls distribution of larval and juvenile yellow perch? The role of habitat characteristics and spatial processes in a large, shallow lake

Paradis, Y. et Bertolo, A. et Mingelbier, M. et Brodeur, P. et Magnan, P. (2014). What controls distribution of larval and juvenile yellow perch? The role of habitat characteristics and spatial processes in a large, shallow lake. Journal of Great Lakes Research , 40 (1). p. 172-178. DOI: 10.1016/j.jglr.2013.12.001.

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Résumé

The goal of this study was to determine the relative contribution of environmental and spatial processes governing the distribution of larval and juvenile yellow perch (Perca flavescens) in two shallow embayments of a large fluvial lake on the St. Lawrence River system. We tested the hypotheses that: i) larval distribution is not related to habitat characteristics, presumably due to their relatively low swimming capacity, whereas ii) these environmental variables drive juvenile distribution, reflecting a more active habitat selection. This study is one of the first attempts to partition the relative roles of environmental and spatial factors in shaping the distribution of a freshwater fish through its early ontogeny. We show that larvae were not spatially aggregated within the embayments and that habitat characteristics, mainly related to aquatic vegetation, played an important role in explaining their distribution. In contrast, juvenile abundances were not significantly related to habitat characteristics, despite being spatially structured over multiple scales. Contrary to our predictions, habitat association was stronger for larvae than for juveniles which were aggregated independent of habitat characteristics. Increased swimming capacities may thus facilitate the aggregation of juveniles rather than strengthening their association with habitat, at least at the scales considered here (ca 3 km²). These results shed a new light on the factors governing larval and juvenile yellow perch distribution, suggesting that active habitat choice might begin earlier than previously thought.

Type de document: Article scientifique
Statut du texte intégral: Autre
Mots-clés libres: Habitat models, Spatial analysis, Age-0 fish, Yellow perch (Perca flavescens), St. Lawrence River
Sujets: 1. Laboratoire de développement durable > 1.7. Environnement, écologie, écosystème
2. Milieu physique > 2.4. Hydrologie
3. Végétation, milieux humides
4. Faune > 4.2. Poisson
8. Impacts et monitoring > 8.4. Population de perchaude
Date de dépôt: 08 avr. 2017 18:41
Dernière modification: 08 avr. 2017 18:41
URI: http://belsp.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/1146

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