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Spatial organisation of fish communities in the St. Lawrence River: a test for longitudinal gradients and spatial heterogeneities in a large river system

Foubert, A. et Lecomte, F. et Legendre, P. et Cusson, M. (2018). Spatial organisation of fish communities in the St. Lawrence River: a test for longitudinal gradients and spatial heterogeneities in a large river system. Hydrobiologia , 809 (1). p. 155-173. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-017-3457-z.

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Résumé

Typified by heterogeneous habitats, large rivers host diversified communities throughout their course. As the spatial organisation of fish communities within these ecosystems remains little studied, longitudinal gradients and spatial heterogeneities of fish diversity were analysed in the large temperate St. Lawrence River, Canada. We used two distinct datasets obtained from either seine nets or gillnets from governmental standardised fish surveys (1995–2012) consisting of a total of 299,662 individuals from 76 fish species captured in 1,051 sites. Results from diversity indices and multivariate analysis revealed a gradual downstream increase in taxonomic diversity, and a gradual change of the community structure along the river. In addition, we observed different fish communities within fluvial lakes and corridors and found significant differences in fish community structure between opposite shores. The fish communities described along the river using seine nets are spatially more heterogeneous than when described using gillnets. This discrepancy is likely resulting both from the more mobile species targeted by gillnets and sampling sites located farther from the shallower shoreline habitat targeted by seine nets. The organisation of fish communities stresses the need to implement science-based policies and actions to preserve biodiversity and restore communities distributed over large heterogeneous ecosystems.

Type de document: Article scientifique
Statut du texte intégral: Autre
Mots-clés libres: Fish diversity, Discontinuities, Multiscale, Riverscape, Seine nets, Gillnets
Sujets: 1. Laboratoire de développement durable > 1.7. Environnement, écologie, écosystème
2. Milieu physique > 2.4. Hydrologie
4. Faune > 4.2. Poisson
8. Impacts et monitoring > 8.1. Qualité de l’eau
Date de dépôt: 04 mars 2018 19:49
Dernière modification: 04 mars 2018 19:49
URI: http://belsp.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/1394

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