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Temporal and spatial distribution and production of dissolved gaseous mercury in the Bay St. François wetland, in the St. Lawrence River, Quebec, Canada

Garcia, E. et Laroulandie, J. et Saint-Simon, X.R. et Amyot, M. (2006). Temporal and spatial distribution and production of dissolved gaseous mercury in the Bay St. François wetland, in the St. Lawrence River, Quebec, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta , 70 (11). p. 2665-2678. DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2006.02.008.

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Résumé

Wetlands are valued for their high biodiversity and for their ecosystem services. However, we still do have a poor understanding of their role in the redox transformation of contaminants such as mercury, particularly in fluvial settings. Seasonal and spatial variations in dissolved gaseous mercury (DGM) distribution and production were studied in the Bay St. François, a wetland in the St. Pierre Lake, a fluvial lake of the St. Lawrence River, in Quebec, Canada. A high spatial resolution for DGM, with samples taken every 10-cm depth, was used in field measurements. Through a series of parallel field and incubation experiments, we assessed the main factors determining Hg(0) transformations as a function of depth, seasons, and presence/absence of macrophyte beds. Besides light penetration in the water column and water temperature, iron and dissolved organic carbon likely stimulated Hg(II) reduction. Inversely, chloride favored Hg(0) oxidation. Macrophytes and associated epiphytes appeared to be important sites of adsorption/absorption of Hg(II) and likely of DGM. It seems however that the effects of macrophytes were restricted to immediately adjacent waters. Near the bottom, under anoxic conditions, the reduction of Hg(II) was highly promoted. In addition, sediments and decomposing macrophytes seemed to release DGM and/or reducible Hg to bottom waters. Overall, differences in DGM between surface and bottom waters tended to be more accentuated than observed differences in DGM between macrophyte beds and sites devoid of plant.

Type de document: Article scientifique
Statut du texte intégral: Autre
Mots-clés libres: Dissolved gas, Macrophyte, Mercury (element), Spatial distribution, Temporal distribution, Wetland
Sujets: 2. Milieu physique > 2.4. Hydrologie
3. Végétation, milieux humides
8. Impacts et monitoring > 8.1. Qualité de l’eau
Date de dépôt: 08 juill. 2016 14:14
Dernière modification: 08 juill. 2016 14:14
URI: http://belsp.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/230

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