Bibliothèque Électronique Lac Saint-Pierre

Impact of water level fluctuations on St. Lawrence River aquatic vegetation

Hudon, C. (1997). Impact of water level fluctuations on St. Lawrence River aquatic vegetation. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences , 54 . p. 2853-2865.

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Résumé

Historical records of average seasonal water levels in the St. Lawrence River over the past 80 years reveal cyclic variations of up to 1 m above (1976) and 1 m below (1965) present levels. These variations are probably related to climatic conditions in the basin. Over the same period, the vertical range of seasonal water levels decreased from 2.2 to 1.5 m because of discharge regulation. Exposure of new substrate during periods of extreme low water levels may facilitate the invasion of aggressive and (or) exotic species. In Lake Saint-Pierre, a strong negative relationship was observed between seasonal water level and the percentage of emergent plant cover. Under low water levels, the lake becomes a large (387 km2) marshland that could support a high plant biomass (286´103 t) whereas under high water levels, the lake shifts to a vast (501 km2) open-water body with a lower predicted plant biomass (117 ´ 103 t). A model of the major anthropic and climatic forces acting on water levels is also presented; it describes aquatic plant biomass allocation and species diversity under different water level conditions.

Type de document: Article scientifique
Statut du texte intégral: Autre
Mots-clés libres: Water level, St. Lawrence river, Plant cover, Lake St-Pierre, High plant biomass
Sujets: 2. Milieu physique > 2.4. Hydrologie
3. Végétation, milieux humides
9. Nouvelles pressions > 9.3. Espèce végétale exotique
Date de dépôt: 06 août 2016 14:28
Dernière modification: 06 août 2016 14:28
URI: http://belsp.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/307

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