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The influence of macrophyte beds on plankton communities and their export from fluvial lakes in the St. Lawrence River

Basu, B. K. et Kalff, J. et Pinel-Alloul, B. (2000). The influence of macrophyte beds on plankton communities and their export from fluvial lakes in the St. Lawrence River. Freshwater Biology , 45 (4). p. 373-382.

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Résumé

1. To determine the influence of macrophyte beds on plankton abundance within fluvial lakes of the St Lawrence River, planktonic components (macrozooplankton, heterotrophic bacteria, and phytoplankton as chlorophyll-a [Chl-a]) were sampled in Lake St Francis and Lake St Pierre during summer 1998. We tested the hypothesis that the abundance of planktonic components was higher within macrophyte beds in comparison to the more rapidly flushed open water areas of the fluvial lakes. 2. The large cross channel variation in zooplankton biomass was indeed correlated with the presence of dense beds of submerged macrophytes. Total macrozooplankton biomass was nine-fold greater within the beds (mean = 180 ?g L-1 dry mass) than in either the open water or areas with only sparse vegetation (mean = 20 ?g L-1 dry mass). 3. Chl-a and heterotrophic bacterial abundance were also higher in the beds, but only slightly so. There was no difference in total phosphorus or dissolved organic carbon concentrations between areas of dense vegetation, sparse vegetation or open water. 4. Macrophyte beds on the margins of the fluvial lakes allow the development of high planktonic abundance relative to the fast flowing central channel. Macrozooplankton biomass was much higher at the outflows of the lakes (? 50 ?g L-1 dry mass) in comparison to the inflows (< 20 ?g L-1 dry mass). The increase is due to the transfer of organisms from submerged macrophyte beds into the central channel in the downstream quarter of the two lakes where the marginal littoral waters enter central channel waters. 5. Along rivers, shallow fluvial lakes appear to act as sources of plankton which is exported downstream during years of extensive littoral macrophyte development.

Type de document: Article scientifique
Statut du texte intégral: Autre
Mots-clés libres: Export, Fluvial lake, Macrophyte, Plankton, St. Lawrence River
Sujets: 4. Faune > 4.1. Invertébré
6. Milieu humain
8. Impacts et monitoring > 8.1. Qualité de l’eau
Date de dépôt: 19 mai 2016 13:30
Dernière modification: 08 nov. 2016 21:36
URI: http://belsp.uqtr.ca/id/eprint/42

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