Bibliothèque Électronique Lac Saint-Pierre

Regional and seasonal inputs of mercury into Lake St. Pierre (St. Lawrence River), a major commercial and sports fisheries in Canada

Caron, S. et Lucotte, M. (2008). Regional and seasonal inputs of mercury into Lake St. Pierre (St. Lawrence River), a major commercial and sports fisheries in Canada. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution , 195 . pp. 85-97.

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Lake St. Pierre (LSP), constituted of a 120 km2 stretching of the St. Lawrence River (Southern Québec), hosts the largest freshwater fishery industry in Canada. The lake drains, through its main tributaries, an important area of agrarian land and was subjected to intense industrial activities in the past century. In this paper, we present (1) an estimation of the seasonal aquatic mercury (Hg) inputs to LSP from the St-Lawrence River and two major tributaries; (2) a reconstruction, by the analysis of sediment cores, of the historic inputs of Hg into LSP and in a large riparian wetland, Bay St. François. Our results indicate that the aquatic Hg inputs to LSP (290 kg Hg between April 2003 and April 2004) are moderately elevated with most of the inputs occurring from the St. Lawrence River, either in spring or early winter, during high flow episodes. The sediment profiles suggest a recent decrease in Hg inputs, likely attributable to improvements of industrial practices. The observed perturbation of the surface sediments give evidence of an active hydrodynamic regime, suggesting that LSP could only act as a transitory system for suspended sediment and Hg, with seasonal accumulation and recurrent re-suspension resulting from changes in the hydrodynamic regime. Finally, we observed positive MeHg fluxes from the sediment to the water at different seasons in Bay St. François. However, Hg levels in fish like walleyes of LSP are reported to be low, which could be explained by faster fish growth rates following in part intense fishing pressure in LS © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Type de document: Article scientifique
Statut du texte intégral: Autre
Mots-clés libres: Mercury loadings, Lake St. Pierre, Wetlands, Methylmercury
Sujets: 6. Milieu humain > 6.4. Industrialisation
7. Usages > 7.1. Pêche
8. Impacts et monitoring > 8.1. Qualité de l’eau
Date de dépôt: 13 juin 2016 15:11
Dernière modification: 13 juin 2016 15:11

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