Bibliothèque Électronique Lac Saint-Pierre

Relationship between stream size, watershed land use, and pesticide concentrations in headwater streams

Toth, J. et Fugère, V. et Yargeau, V. (2024). Relationship between stream size, watershed land use, and pesticide concentrations in headwater streams. Environmental Pollution , 349 . pp. 1-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2024.123940.

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A quantitative multiresidue study of current-use pesticides in multiple matrices was undertaken with field sampling at 32 headwater streams near Lac Saint-Pierre in Québec, Canada. A total of 232 samples were collected in five campaigns of stream waters and streambed sediments from streams varying in size and watershed land use. Novel multiresidue analytical methods from previous work were successfully applied for the extraction of pesticide residues from sediments via pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) and quantitative analysis using ultra high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) with online sample preparation on a hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) column. Of the 31 target compounds, including 29 pesticides and two degradation products of atrazine, 29 compounds were detected at least once. Consistent with other studies, atrazine and metolachlor were the most widely-detected herbicides. Detections were generally higher in water than sediment samples and the influence of land use on pesticide concentrations was only detectable in water samples. Small streams with a high proportion of agricultural land use in their watershed were generally found to have the highest pesticide concentrations. Corn and soybean monoculture crops, specifically, were found to cause the greatest impact on pesticide concentration in headwater streams and correlated strongly with many of the most frequently detected pesticides. This study highlights the importance of performing multiresidue pesticide monitoring programs in headwater streams in order to capture the impacts of agricultural intensification on freshwater ecosystems.

Type de document: Article scientifique
Statut du texte intégral: Autre
Mots-clés libres: Environmental pollutants, Agricultural intensification, Multiresidue analysis, Environmental monitoring, Agrochemicals
Sujets: 2. Milieu physique > 2.4. Hydrologie
6. Milieu humain > 6.2. Agriculture
8. Impacts et monitoring > 8.1. Qualité de l’eau
8. Impacts et monitoring > 8.2. Études de suivi
Date de dépôt: 21 mai 2024 15:42
Dernière modification: 21 mai 2024 15:42

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